Tag: India

Is India a banana republic?

India is a nuclear power and a country of more than a billion people.  It has a strong army, navy and air force.  Yet its past and present shows it to be a soft state. 

In 1989 Rubia Sayeed, daughter of the then Home Minister of India Mufti Mohammed Sayeed,   was kidnapped.  Five terrorists were released to secure her release.  Terrorism in Kashmir got a boost. 

Later the country followed an inconsistent policy with regard to kidnappings.  In some cases nobody was released.  When Doraisamy was kidnapped there was release of terrorist(s) to secure his release. 

In 1999 Indian Airlines aerpolane was hijacked.  The aeroplane was in Amritsar at least for 25 minutes.  It was allowed to take off.  It went to Kandahar.  Three terrorists were released.  One of them later attacked Jammu & Kashmir Legislature building which killed 41 people. 

Terrorist acts are frequent in India.  Very few times people who are involved in crimes are caught.  Fewer times they are punished. 

Naxal movement is spreading its wings.  It is a challenge to the nation.  Nothing substantial is done to contain it. 

What is the use of having nuclear weapons if a few terrorists can hold the country to ransom? 

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Two mysteries: Death and Destiny

When Robert Clive was a clerk in East India Company twice he tried to commit suicide. Both times pistol got jammed. Later he founded the British Empire in India. After some years he tried again to commit suicide and he succeeded.

There are many who do not die a natural death. Why they die unnatural deaths? Is there destiny?

Speculation about what could have happened regarding Indian Prime Ministers brings out some interesting observations.

Morarji Desai wanted to be the Prime Minister in 1964 and 1966 when Jawaharlal Nehru and Lal Bahadur Shastri died. Kamaraj Nadar, the then Congress President, opposed him. Morarji Desai became Prime Minister in 1977.

Indira Gandhi opposed N. Sanjeeva Reddy’s candidacy for Presidency in 1969. N. Sanjeeva Reddy became President in 1977.

In 1964 and 1966 when Prime Ministers died Gulzarilal Nanda, who was Home Minister, was made Acting Prime Minister. In 1984 when Indira Gandhi died P. V. Narasimha Rao, who was Home Minister, was not made Acting Prime Minister. He became Prime Minister in 1991.

There are some people who believe in destiny, some do not.

Below given is the list of Indian Prime Ministers in the order in which they became Prime Ministers and their dates of birth.

 

Jawaharlal Nehru 14/11/1889
Lal Bahadur Shastri 02/10/1904
Indira Gandhi 19/11/1917
Morarji Desai 29/02/1896
Charan Singh 23/12/1902
Rajiv Gandhi 20/08/1944
V. P. Singh 25/06/1931
Chandrashekhar 09/07/1922
P. V. Narasimha Rao 28/06/1921
Atal Behari Vajpayee 25/12/1924
Deve Gowda 18/05/1933
I. K. Gujral 04/12/1919
Manmohan Singh 26/09/1932

 

I wonder what would have happened if those who became Prime Ministers had become Prime Ministers as per their date of birth.   The order would have been as below:

 

Jawaharlal Nehru 14/11/1889
Morarji Desai 29/02/1896
Charan Singh 23/12/1902
Lal Bahadur Shastri 02/10/1904
Indira Gandhi 19/11/1917
I. K. Gujral 04/12/1919
P. V. Narasimha Rao 28/06/1921
Chandrashekhar 09/07/1922
Atal Behari Vajpayee 25/12/1924
V. P. Singh 25/06/1931
Manmohan Singh 26/09/1932
Deve Gowda 18/05/1933
Rajiv Gandhi 20/08/1944

 

Let us presume that number of days as Prime Minister would have been the same.

If Morarji Desai had become Prime Minister in 1964 and Lal Bahadur Shastri and Charan Singh had followed him, India Gandhi would have become Prime Minister in 1968 and would have had uninterrupted tenure till 31/10/1984.

In both orders Charan Singh succeeds Morarji Desai and Indira Gandhi succeeds Lal Bahadur Shastri.

The order changes after Indira Gandhi. There would have been seven Prime Ministers between India Gandhi and Rajiv Gandhi. It could be more since someone born before 20/08/1944 can become the Prime Minister.

Indira Gandhi and Rajiv Gandhi were assassinated. In the second order Indira Gandhi might have stepped down from Prime Ministership and lived longer. Rajiv Gandhi would have lived longer.

It is all in the realm of speculation.

Polls and Phases

Election Commission has announced polls for UP in seven phases. This is a record.

For al long time elections for a Legislative Assembly were held on a single day.
Polls for Lok Sabha used to be in two phases. In 1989 it was in three phases.

In 2004 Lok Sabha polls were held in four phases.

For Lok Sabha elections there should not be more than two phases and the gap between them should not be more than three days. One day polling is best.

Polling in Punjab, Uttarakhand and Manipur could have been held on a single day. Three phase poll for Manipur was stretching things too far.

Polling in two or more phases causes additional expenses. Police have to be deployed to guard EVMs. The more the phases, the higher the number of days required to guard. That needs to neglect regular duties of police.

Some Chief Election Commissioners had illusions of grandeur and acted unconstitutionally. Legitimate activities like presentation of budget in Legislative Assemblies were not allowed in the name of Code of Conduct. One Chief Election Commissioner compared himself to a Field Marshal.