Death penalty

President A. P. J. Abdul Kalam‘s actions have reopened the debate about death penalty. Very often a vociferous minority dominates a silent majority. This should not be allowed to happen. Punishment should be proportionate to crime and death penalty is suitable punishment for murder, attempted murder, character assassination and acid throwing.

Abolitionists put forward following arguments:

1) Fallibility of human nature. What if there is a mistake?

2) Irrevocability

3) Life is God given and no State has a right to deprive another person of his life.

4) Human nature is capable of reformation.

5) Life imprisonment is a greater punishment than death penalty.

Counter arguments:

1) What if there is no mistake. In that case will abolitionists accept death penalty. If punishment cannot be given because of chances of mistake then we have to close down courts. Nobody can be prosecuted. Reversal of judgments by appellate courts is used to justify the abolition. As things stand Supreme Court is the final court.

2) A person murdered cannot be brought back to life. Murderer needs to be put to death.

3) Atheists do not accept God’s acceptance. Abolitionists forget that murderer has taken life. If someone commits murder he has no right to live.

4) Whether the murderer reforms later on and does good things is immaterial. Crime needs punishment.

5) This is a poor joke. Life is dear to murderers. Nothing terrifies them more than death penalty. People who escape from prison can commit more murders. Remember Veerappan.

In India some more arguments are used for abolition.

1) It has been abolished in many countries.

2) Some countries are wary of extradition treaties with India given that death penalty is legal here.

Counter arguments:

1) India is not a small country like many of them. We are not to follow what others do but do what is right. USA, China and many other countries have death penalty. The list of countries with death penalty is impressive. China has death penalty for corruption. Many countries have death penalty for drug trafficking.

2) We must be firm in our resolve to punish criminals as per our law. USA put pressure on Switzerland to change its secrecy laws in banking to prevent money laundering by criminals.

Article 72 gives the President “power to grant pardons, reprieves, respites or remissions.” This has to be exercised only with the aid and advice of the Council of Ministers. Even if the President had power to pardon by himself, he should not pardon or commute those found guilty by the Supreme Court and whose mercy petitions are pending.

Also only one mercy petition should be allowed. Repeated mercy petitions should be disallowed. Once the mercy petition is disallowed the person should be hanged at the earliest.

Someone reaching 75 is not a reason for pardon. People above 75 can be used for murder. Whether he returns to life of crime is immaterial. Let there be no talk of turning liabilities into assets. We are not talking about a balance sheet of a company. Allowing death row convicts to spend the rest of their lives with their family members is height of injustice.

The Union Government shall stand firm and put pressure on the President to reject all mercy petitions at once. There is no question of any blame on the President. Supreme Court awards death penalty in rarest of rare cases.

It is ridiculous to say that “In the world of today there are fewer and fewer men condemned to death for murder and more and more for political views.” Will Fali S. Nariman give the names of those condemned for murder and those for political views. Murderers with political views do not have special rights.

(To be continued)


NDTV 24X7 in its Mumbai Live on 26/10/2005 at 10.30 p.m. had news and discussion about inculturation. Srinivasan Jain was the anchor. Fr. Anthony Charanghat of Bombay Archdiocese, Fr. Dominic Emmanuel of Delhi Archdiocese and Swami Agnivesh took part in the discussion. Three persons outside a church were interviewed. Two were Christians. They did not want change. Third was a Hindu. He goes to church for novenas. He did not want arati in the church. Anthony and Dominic were in favour of inculturation. Agnivesh was not in favour of inculturation. He said Hinduism of today is a degenerate form of Vedic religion. Arati has no meaning.

Dominic said these are not Hindu customs. These are Indian customs. Tribals are not Hindus.

Culture and religion are different fields. Religion is the field of the clergy. The talk of inculturation keeps coming back and there is nothing new in it. What are local customs? How something anti-Christian can be adapted in the name of inculturation? In Christianity all are equal. There is no caste system. Adaptation of caste system is wrong.

Hindu festivals cannot be celebrated by the church by giving it different meaning. Diwali celebrates return of Rama to Ayodhya.

If the intention is to please Hindus who are opposed to Christians and conversions it is naive. They will never be happy. Sonia Gandhi gave up whatever practice of Christianity she had at the time of marriage. After Rajiv Gandhi’s entry into politics she gave up western ways. Yet her rivals continue to call her a Christians and foreigner and oppose her becoming Prime Minister of India. The same people want double citizenship to foreigners of Indian origin who are predominantly Hindu. RSS branches outside India are known as Hindu Swayamsevak Sanghs.

India imitates West. Bollywood imitates Hollywood. Indian culture is chaging. In which world votaries of inculturation living?

What about Muslims, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, Zoroastrians, Jews, Bahais and others?

Reading of Indian Anaphora and non-Biblical scriptures during mass was banned in 1975.

Dominic said Pope Benedict XVI spoke of dialogue. Dialogue does not mean imitation. Dialogue is for spreading Christianity.

Let Catholic Church retain its present practices and not imitate Hindus.

Names and Surnmames – VI


A. Bengali
1) Banerjee (Bandopadhyaya)
2) Chatterjee (Chattopadhyaya)
3) Ganguly (Gangopadhyaya)
4) Mukherjee (Mukhyopadhyaya)
5) Basu
6) Mazumdar
7) Das
8) Bhattacharya
9) Chakraborty
10) Dutt

B. Sindhi
1) Keswani
2) Lalwani
3) Vaswani
4) Tejwani
5) Khubchandani
6) Mulchandani
7) Bajaj
8) Bhutto
9) Zardari
10) Jethmalani