Voice from the Rooftop

Blog of Vincent Augustine D'Souza

Two mysteries: Death and Destiny

When Robert Clive was a clerk in East India Company twice he tried to commit suicide. Both times pistol got jammed. Later he founded the British Empire in India. After some years he tried again to commit suicide and he succeeded.

There are many who do not die a natural death. Why they die unnatural deaths? Is there destiny?

Speculation about what could have happened regarding Indian Prime Ministers brings out some interesting observations.

Morarji Desai wanted to be the Prime Minister in 1964 and 1966 when Jawaharlal Nehru and Lal Bahadur Shastri died. Kamaraj Nadar, the then Congress President, opposed him. Morarji Desai became Prime Minister in 1977.

Indira Gandhi opposed N. Sanjeeva Reddy’s candidacy for Presidency in 1969. N. Sanjeeva Reddy became President in 1977.

In 1964 and 1966 when Prime Ministers died Gulzarilal Nanda, who was Home Minister, was made Acting Prime Minister. In 1984 when Indira Gandhi died P. V. Narasimha Rao, who was Home Minister, was not made Acting Prime Minister. He became Prime Minister in 1991.

There are some people who believe in destiny, some do not.

Below given is the list of Indian Prime Ministers in the order in which they became Prime Ministers and their dates of birth.

 

Jawaharlal Nehru 14/11/1889
Lal Bahadur Shastri 02/10/1904
Indira Gandhi 19/11/1917
Morarji Desai 29/02/1896
Charan Singh 23/12/1902
Rajiv Gandhi 20/08/1944
V. P. Singh 25/06/1931
Chandrashekhar 09/07/1922
P. V. Narasimha Rao 28/06/1921
Atal Behari Vajpayee 25/12/1924
Deve Gowda 18/05/1933
I. K. Gujral 04/12/1919
Manmohan Singh 26/09/1932

 

I wonder what would have happened if those who became Prime Ministers had become Prime Ministers as per their date of birth.   The order would have been as below:

 

Jawaharlal Nehru 14/11/1889
Morarji Desai 29/02/1896
Charan Singh 23/12/1902
Lal Bahadur Shastri 02/10/1904
Indira Gandhi 19/11/1917
I. K. Gujral 04/12/1919
P. V. Narasimha Rao 28/06/1921
Chandrashekhar 09/07/1922
Atal Behari Vajpayee 25/12/1924
V. P. Singh 25/06/1931
Manmohan Singh 26/09/1932
Deve Gowda 18/05/1933
Rajiv Gandhi 20/08/1944

 

Let us presume that number of days as Prime Minister would have been the same.

If Morarji Desai had become Prime Minister in 1964 and Lal Bahadur Shastri and Charan Singh had followed him, India Gandhi would have become Prime Minister in 1968 and would have had uninterrupted tenure till 31/10/1984.

In both orders Charan Singh succeeds Morarji Desai and Indira Gandhi succeeds Lal Bahadur Shastri.

The order changes after Indira Gandhi. There would have been seven Prime Ministers between India Gandhi and Rajiv Gandhi. It could be more since someone born before 20/08/1944 can become the Prime Minister.

Indira Gandhi and Rajiv Gandhi were assassinated. In the second order Indira Gandhi might have stepped down from Prime Ministership and lived longer. Rajiv Gandhi would have lived longer.

It is all in the realm of speculation.

Uttar Pradesh Elections

Uttar Pradesh Elections proved psephologists wrong. All predicted hung assembly. BSP got clear majority and did not need any support from any party or independents.
SP, BJP and Congress lost seats. Congress expected to do better. Rahul Gandhi’s road shows did not help. His utterances regarding demolition of Babri Mosque, Independence and breaking of Pakistan gave rise to controversies and resulted in the loss of seats. Congress people say Rahul Gandhi is there for the long run. If he carries on like this Congress tally will be zero.
Mulayam Singh Yadav blamed Election Commission for his party’s defeat. Sometimes Election Commission exceeds its powers, but that is not the reason for his party’s defeat. He had formed government on the support of defectors who should have been disqualified soon. Crime was rampant. Police stations did not register complaints. Statistics was a lie. Advertisements could not fool the people. People like Beni Prasad Varma and Raj Babbar had left the party.
Mayawati has become the chief minister for the fourth time but this time on her own. A Dalit woman can become chief minister of the largest state on her own. Dalit and women do not need reservations.
Mayawati will have a decisive role in who becomes the next President of India if UPA wants its candidate to win. If UPA and NDA agree on a common candidate her support will not be required.
BJP lost many seats. It expected to continue its success in Punjab and Uttarakhand. It had won Delhi municipal elections.
Jan Morcha led by V. P. Singh and Raj Babbar did not have much impact.
It is good that there is no hung assembly and Mayawati can give decisive leadership.

Justice System

One reason why justice system in India is overburdened is condonation of delays in filing appeals. When a judgment is delivered time of forty days or so is given to appeal against the judgment. However many people do not file appeals within the stipulated time and approach courts later. Courts condone delays upto 100 days routinely and in other cases delays of longer duration are condoned. If courts do not condone delays judicial system will improve.
Judges cannot judge themselves. Ramaswamy’s case was an exception. Punjab & Haryana High Court judges revolting against their Chief Justice is the rule. The constitution gave the power of appointment of Supreme Court and High Court judges to the President who had to consult the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. It did not speak of collegium. The Supreme Court by its judgment amended the constitution and arrogated itself the power of appointment.
Some judges had held that truth is not a defence in contempt of court cases. Corruption and misdemeanours of judges could not be reported. Law had to be framed to protect truthful reporting about judges.
If judges grant adjournments when they should not grant they are wrong. They do injustice to innocents.
While most of the judges may be good, those who are not good need to be weeded out and those who are corrupt need to be punished.
Arrest warrants can be obtained for money. Times of India had showed it by obtaining arrest warrants against President A. P. J. Abdul Kalam, then Supreme Court Chief Justice Vishwanath N. Khare and two others for Rs.10,000/- each.
Promotion of a judge in spite of sexual harassment cases raises doubts about the integrity in judiciary.
Arrest warrants for publicity like in Shilpa Shetty and Richard Gere are to be avoided. The magistrate was transferred.
Shiv Sena has said it will not allow the sale of Richard Laine’s book on Shivaji even though Bombay High Court has set aside the ban. At one time Shiv Sena wanted ban of B. R. Ambedkar’s book “Riddle in Hinduism”. It found the chapter “Riddle of Rama and Krishna” offensive. Shiv Sena held a rally against the book. Maharashtra Government had decided to publish the book. Dalits held a larger rally in favour of the book. Shiv Sena agreed for the publishing of the book with the note “Government does not agree with the views expressed in this chapter”.
Alistair Pereira is guilty. The court sentenced him to six months simple imprisonment and five lakhs rupees fine. The media has raised a hue and cry about the punishment saying it is light. There were others who were guilty who have gone scot-free. The people should not have been sleeping on pavements. They should have been provided accommodation by the contractor who was hired by BMC. There are many cases of hit and run. Many times the culprit is not known. Alistair Pereira did not have permit to drink alcoholic beverages. He was served drinks at a hotel. A wine shop sold him drinks. Media has not focused on BMC, hotel and wine shop.
Sanjay Dutt is found guilty under Arms Act by TADA Court. He has to serve at least three and half years in jail if not acquitted by Supreme Court, if one and half years in jai is set off against five years jail term. He has appealed for release under Probation of Offenders Act. If he is let off Alistair Pereira and many others can be let off.

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