On 30/4/2009 after casting his vote Lal Krishna Advani spoke about electoral refoms. He wanted compulsory voting, fixed tenure of five years for Lok Sabha and Legislative Assemblies, no voting in summer and one day voting.
Compulsory voting is neither desirable nor practical. How can people vote if their names are not on electoral rolls, they are sick or out of station? If people think no candidate deserves their vote they are free not to vote.
Fixed tenure of five years for Lok Sabha and Legislative Assemblies is possible if we switch over to presidential system. It is good to switch over to presidential system.
Winter is a better time for voting. Voting for all Lok Sabha, Legislative Assembly, municipal and panchayat seats can be held on 4th November and counting on 7th November. If 4th or 7th November comes on Sunday voting or counting can be held on 5th or 8th November. New Lok Sabha, Legislative Assembly, municipal and panchayat bodies can be constituted effective 11th November whether it is Sunday or not.
One day voting for all constituencies is good and possible. It used to be two phase polling for Lok Sabha with three days separating two phases. In 1989 there was three phase polling with two days separating one phase from another. After that the situation changed. Number of phases and gap between phases increased. Security became an excuse. We should have tough punishement for people who disrupt poll process.
Presidential system requires elections for the posts of president, vice president, governor and lieutinent governor. The present system for election of president and vice president should be continued. For the posts of governor and lieutinent governor there should be elections. The elections should be when the terms expire or when the post falls vacant due to death or resignation or impeachment. It need not be with other elections.
To hold Legislative Assembly elections together with Lok Sabha elections terms of some Legilsative Assemblies need to be extended and of some to be curtailed.
Parliament should discuss and bring about electoral reforms.